How is Gonorrhea Transmitted and How to Treat it?

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Nobody wants to learn that they have a sexually transmitted infection (STI), but it happens every day. Two of the most common STIs are gonorrhea and chlamydia.

In this article, we’ll focus on gonorrhea. Here’s what you need to know about this disease and its causes and treatments.

What is Gonorrhea?

Gonorrhea is an STI that is common in the United States. In 2017, there were 555,608 diagnoses of the disease.

When gonorrhea is caught early, it can usually be treated effectively. It is classified as a notifiable disease, meaning that healthcare providers must notify the National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System of all diagnoses, so they can work to prevent its spread.

Gonorrhea is caused by a bacterium called Neisseria gonorrhoeae. It is not a virus; rather, it is a bacterial infection. To get rid of symptoms, it is necessary to kill the bacteria in the body. The bacteria may exist in more than one part of the body, including:

  • The penis
  • The vagina
  • The anus
  • The mouth

Babies born to women who have gonorrhea may be affected by the bacteria that cause gonorrhea. It can get into their eyes and cause conjunctivitis, which must be treated with antibiotics.

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